Also known as syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome, metabolic syndrome is not a disease in itself. It is a combination of medical disorders that together, increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes. Patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome should see it as an advanced warning from their bodies.
Individuals with metabolic syndrome have twice to three times the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and five times the risk of developing diabetes.
To be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, a patient must have at least 3 of the following factors:
The following factors increase one's risk of developing metabolic syndrome:
Metabolic syndrome itself has no symptoms. That said, it can be several years before metabolic syndrome is diagnosed and oftentimes, significant damage has already occurred.
The main focus of preventing or treating metabolic syndrome is to prevent the onset of type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease or stroke. Prevention mainly involves adopting healthy lifestyle habits:
These two measures will help promote weight loss which, in turn, will reduce blood pressure and blood lipids. It is also important to schedule regular follow-ups with your physician to monitor blood pressure, cholesterol levels and blood sugar levels.
If lifestyle changes are not enough, medication may be prescribed. They will be chosen as a function of the health issues to be treated.
If you have any questions, don't hesitate to speak to your pharmacist.
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The patient information leaflets are provided by Vigilance Santé Inc. This content is for information purposes only and does not in any manner whatsoever replace the opinion or advice of your health care professional. Always consult a health care professional before making a decision about your medication or treatment.